Bast – Part 5: Quotes

“To those who were in her favor, she gave great blessings, but her wrath was legendary and she was sometimes listed as one of Ra’s avenging deities who punish the sinful and the enemies of Egypt.” – Tour Egypt



“It is Bast who helps us to become stronger to protect that which we hold sacred to be mindful of the balance of life and protect our own true integrity. It is the Solar Bast who guards new beginnings.” – Lorraine Henrich



“The first signs are from Dyn II. she appears on stone vessles of Hetepsekhemwy and Nebra (c. 2890 b.c.) from the steppyramid complex at Saqqara. On these vessels Bast is seen standing before the king’s cartouche.” – Meritites Hatshepsut



“By and by, Bast took on the same traits as Het-Hert, (Gr. Hathor) and the Greeks, true to their habit of interpreting foreign culture and deities according to their own culture, likened her to their own Artemis. Thereby Bast became the protector of pregnant women, childbirth, musicians and all kinds of excess, especially sexual. It was probably here, along with the Greek way of likening her to Artemis, that the concept of the cat as a form of female sexuality developed. Originally Bast had nothing to do with this aspects, as she was a fierce protector of the throne, the king and the Two Lands.” – Meritites Hatshepsut



“…modern scholars often have a difficult time separating the essences of Bast from those of Sekhmet (also a lioness-Goddess and Daughter of Ra), and often set them together as the same divinity in a dichotomy of “nice kitty/big bad lioness”. This is not only incorrect, but devalues the worth of the multi-faceted approach the religion of Kemet offers to the “Neteru”. There was a composite “Neter” known as “Sekhmet-Bast-Ra”, but this “Neter” was a true composite: the union of the individual “Neteru” did not negate Their individualities in a seeming paradox which is a central issue of Kemetic philosophy, called by archaeologist Erik Hornung the concept of “the one and the many”.” – Tamara L. Siuda



“Even from very old times, as protector, Bast was seen as the fierce flame of the sun who burned the deceased should they fail one of the many tests in the underworld.” – Carnaval



“Bastet was one of the goddesses associated with the story of the Distant Goddess, the daughter of Ra who quarrels with her father and retreats into the desert. She was particularly identified with the form of this goddess known as the “Nubian cat”, who could be shown with the body of a spotted cat and the head of a Nubian woman. A god, usually Thoth or Shu, persuades the wandering cat to return to Egypt, where she is transformed into a compliant and fertile divine consort.” – Geraldine Pinch



“In the “Litany of Ra”, Ra (Re) is described as “The One of the Cat”, and “The Great Cat”. The nine realms of the universe are manifested in the cat, for both the cat and the Grand Ennead (meaning nine-times-unity) have the same Ancient Egyptian term, b.st. This relationship has found its way to the western culture, where one says that “the cat has nine lives” (realms).” – Moustafa Gadalla



“It is wise to note that Bastet’s primitive link with the Heliopolitan solar god, Atum (or Atum-Ra), indicates that she was probably a rather warlike entity at the outset, a “uraeus” goddess personifying the relentless power and dominion of the sun, much like the closely related deity Sekhmet.” – Zachary Gray



“Though the Pyramid Texts depict Bastet as yet another, typical mother-figure to Pharaoh, artifacts from the time of King Hetepsekhemwy (2890 BCE) portray Bastet with the head of a lioness, fortifying the notion that her initial persona was far more pugnacious than playful.” – Zacharay Gray


References
  1. Bast, Carnaval. [Accessed: 2 August 2014].
  2. Budge Wallis, E. A. The Book of the Dead, Bell Publishing Company, 1979, p. 512.
  3. Gadalla, Moustafa. Egyptian Divinities: The All Who Are the One, Tehuti Research Foundation, 2001, p. 91.
  4. Gray, Zachary. The Intrepid Wanderer’s Guide to Ancient Egyptian Goddesses, Lulu Press, 2008. pp. 31-42.
  5. Hatshepsut, Meritites. Bast – The Eternal Purr, Ancient Worlds, 2 April 2008. [Accessed: 2 August 2014]
  6. Henrich, Lorraine. Being your Personal Best through the Magick of Bast, Tree of Light Healing Center. [Accessed: 3 August 2014]
  7. Pinch, Geraldine. Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt, Oxford University Press, New York, 2002, p. 116.
  8. Siuda, Tamara L. The Neteru of Kemet: An Introduction (2010 Electronic Edition), Lulu Press, 2010.
  9. The Gods of Ancient Egypt – Bast, Tour Egypt. [Accessed: 3 August 2014]
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Bast – Part 4: Depictions

From the 3rd Millennium BCE, Bast was depicted as either a fierce lion or a woman with the head of a lion. During the 18th Century, Bast began to be depicted as a woman with the head of a cat. By the 22nd Dynasty, she became the quintessential Kemetic cat-Netjert with the domestic cat becoming her sacred animal in the Middle Kingdom.


“Later her image grew tamer: she became a cat carrying the sun, or a cat-headed woman who bore on her breastplate the lion of her former self.” – Patricia Monaghan


Most commonly depicted as a woman with the head of either a cat, lion, or large desert cat, she is often depicted holding the Ankh, Papyrus Wand or Was-scepter.

“Note that by “desert cat”, we do not mean the approachable domesticates as we now know them. This is the feral cat of the desert, a calculating hunter and survivalist that was far from the (relatively) sweet-tempered creature that stalks neighborhoods today.” – S. D. Cass


Bast is often depicted holding various emblems.
  • Aegis – symbol of divine protection
  • Ankh – represents the breath of life and Lower Kemet
  • Was-scepter – signifies strength
  • Sistrum – sacred rattle used to evoke and banish spirits

“While Bast is perhaps better known as a domesticate, Her representation as a lion or desert cat did not cease with the advent of Bast-as-a-housecat. Images of Bast as a lion-headed figure holding a was-scepter (from the Hall of Osorkon at Bubastis) or with a lion’s mane and holding the Eye of Ra can be found throughout Egyptian art from the Late Period on. Bast is even shown in one particular Late Period depiction wearing the Double Crown (the red and the white “nested” together) and suckling the Pharaoh — perhaps an allusion to Per-Bast (Bubastis)’s political rise during that period.” – S. D. Cass


References
  1. Bast, Carnaval. [Accessed: 2 August 2014]
  2. Cass, S. D. Bast: Depictions, per-Bast: The Domain of Bast, 1996-2010. [Accessed: 2 August 2014]
  3. Hill, Jenny. Ancient Egyptian Gods: Bast, Ancient Egypt Online, 2010. [Accessed: 3 August 2014]
  4. Monaghan, Patricia. The Book of Goddesses & Heroines, Llewellyn Publications, Minnesota, p. 49.
  5. Saunders, Chas. and Peter J. Allen, eds. BAST: Goddess of Protection from Egyptian Mythology, Godchecker/CID, 5 March 2013. [Accessed: 3 August 2014]
  6. The Gods of Ancient Egypt – Bast, Tour Egypt. [Accessed: 3 August 2014]
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Happy Holy Day

My family, we opened our gifts yesterday (which we do every year). So today I’m just going to relax. Whatever you celebrate, enjoy yourself.

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Smudging

The weekend before last, I had my first smudging experience. I normally do a spiritual cleaning of my altar room every few weeks, but I had never smudged before. I thought it would be something worth trying. Of course, I did research first and then bought the smudging supplies.

Smudging-SuppliesThe smudging supplies were purchased from Incense Warehouse. I bought the 5 Directions Smudge Bundle Mini – 4″ (White Sage, Desert Sage, Cedar, Lavender and Copal), the Abalone Shell and the Wooden Abalone Tripod.

In the picture, the supplies are on my new divination table, which I bought a couple of weeks ago at a flea market for $16.00. I plan on covering the top of the divination table with either black or red cloth (haven’t decided which color).

FYI: I have come to a point in my spiritual journey where my altar room is private – off limits. I used to post pictures of my altars on my old blog but won’t be doing that anymore. Any pictures I post of items I buy/have bought for my spiritual room will be photos taken before they were consecrated.

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Changes

It’s been awhile since I’ve posted anything. Those scrying sessions that I had, yeah, I figured it out with the help of a few dreams. So, there are going to be some changes here. I’ve been busy so I haven’t been posting a lot but hopefully things will slow down some soon.

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